کتاب مهندسی ژئوتکنیک برای نگهداری ساختمانهای تاریخی(2013)

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کتاب مهندسی ژئوتکنیک برای نگهداری ساختمانهای تاریخی(2013)

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:oops: معرفی کتاب مهندسی ژئوتکنیک برای نگهداری ساختمانهای تاریخی
(Geotechnical Engineering 2013)

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نام کتاب: مهندسی ژئوتکنیک برای نگهداری ساختمانهای تاریخی

(Geotechnical Engineering for the Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites)

سال انتشار: 2013 میلادی

Editors : Emilio Bilotta, Alessandro Flora, Stefania Lirer & Carlo Viggiani
University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy

Geotechnical Engineering for the Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites –
Bilotta, Flora, Lirer & Viggiani (eds)
© 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-00055-1


Preface
The Technical Committee on Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites was established by the International
Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering in 1981 with the mark TC19. It was
renamed TC301 in 2010, and it is the first of a group of Technical Committees related to the impact of
Geotechnical Engineering on society.
TC301 is intended to provide a forum for interchange of ideas and discussion, to collect case histories
and to promote and diffuse the culture of conservation within the geotechnical community. More specifically,
it focuses on geotechnical factors affecting historic sites, monuments and cities. TC301 searches for
design criteria and construction methods of our ancestors, and reports on specific techniques adopted to
preserve ancient sites and constructions. TC301 should also select special requirements and constraints
to be considered in any rehabilitation intervention on monuments in order to preserve their cultural and
historical integrity.
The Committee is supported by the Italian Geotechnical Society (AGI); it has been chaired in the past
by Jean Kerisel (France, 1981–1984), Arrigo Croce (Italy, 1985–1989), Ruggiero Jappelli (Italy, 1990–
1994), Carlo Viggiani (Italy, 1995–2003; 2009 to present). Yoshimori Iwasaki, Japan, acts as vice chairman
and Alessandro Flora, Italy, is the secretary.
Among its terms of reference for the period 2010–2013, the Committee included the production of
guidelines and a theme Conference to share experiences and research on the Preservation of Monuments
and Historic Sites.
Conservation is actually one of the most challenging problems facing modern civilization. It involves
a number of factors belonging to different fields (cultural, humanistic, social, technical, economical and
administrative), intertwining in inextricable patterns. The complexity of the topic is such that it is difficult
to imagine guidelines or recommendations summarizing what should be done and prescribing activities to
carry on, intervention techniques, design approaches. Instead of this ambitious undertaking, the Committee
resolved to produce a volume, Geotechnics and Heritage, collecting a number of relevant case histories
of the role of Geotechnical Engineering in the preservation of monuments and historic sites. It is offered
as a collection of paradigmatic examples which may inspire the geotechnical engineer dealing with monuments
and historic sites, suggesting an approach rather than a solution. The volume is now available at
Taylor & Francis.
The final decision to organize the theme conference was taken in Rome in May 2011, during a meeting
of TC301. It was agreed to hold it in Napoli (Italy) where a first conference on the same topic, dedicated
to the memory of Arrigo Croce, had already been held in 1997.
After a process of peer reviewing, more than 80 papers have been accepted, reporting experiences on
some of the most famous monuments and historic sites of the world. This volume contains all of them,
and includes also the special and key note lectures presented in Napoli.
The Symposium has been organized to report on the progress of our community in the development
of a culture of conservation and preservation of heritage. It has shown that, in a period in which future
seems to absorb all the efforts and resources of the mankind, there are people who do care about our past
and its preservation. This confirms the statement by Edmund Burke (1790), in his famous “Reflection
on the revolution in France”: “People will not look forward to posterity, who never look backward to their
ancestors”.
New ideas and fruitful discussion have come up. For instance, since many relevant sites are located in
highly seismic areas, the issue of the seismic risk mitigation has been clearly put forward.
The Symposium would not have been possible without the hard work of the Scientific and Organizing
Committees, as well as of Claudio Soccodato, secretary of AGI. The contribution of all peoples involved
is gratefully acknowledged.


:D Table of contents
Preface xi
Organization xiii
Opening address
Cultural heritage and geotechnical engineering: An introduction 3
C. Viggiani
Special lectures
Influence of the subsoil on the urban development of Napoli 15
S. Aversa, A. Evangelista & A. Scotto di Santolo
Local site conditions and seismic risk assessment of historic buildings 45
D. D’Ayala & A. Ansal
The role of monitoring and identification techniques on the preservation of historic towers 57
R. Lancellotta & D. Sabia
Intervention techniques 75
E. Ovando-Shelley, E. Santoyo & M.O. Pinto de Oliveira
Papers
New underground lines in historic centres: Experiences in Brescia 95
A.M. Ajmone Cat, E. Campa, M. Lodico & C. Umiliaco
Safeguarding the historic town of San Fratello, Sicily 105
C. Airò Farulla & F. Cafiso
Stability analysis of the underground masonry tunnel of Ancient Nemea 113
H. Alexakis & N. Makris
Foundation systems of some heritage buildings in Najaf/Iraq case study: Al Shelan Khan 123
N.K.S. AL-Saoudi & M.Sh. AL-Shakerchy
Seismic vulnerability reduction for historical buildings: The case study of house of mosaics 129
L. Alterio, L. Evangelista, G. Russo & F. Silvestri
New evidences on the Phlegraean bradyseism in the area of Puteolis harbour 137
L. Amato & C. Gialanella
Important works in the town centre and preservation of existing heritage:
The Grand Carré Jaude in Clermont-Ferrand (France) 145
F. Ambrosini, P. Berthelot, F. Durand & A. Reynaud
Drilled spiral piles in St. John’s Church of Tartu, Estonia 149
K. Avellan
Settlement induced by TBM excavation under the Vittoria’s Church in Napoli 157
S. Aversa, E. Bilotta, G. Russo & A. di Luccio

Ground improving injections underneath historical buildings: Five case histories as an overview
of a technique 165
V. Berengo
Monitoring of the temperature-moisture regime of rock dwellings
in Brhlovce village (Slovakia) 175
V. Boháč, D. Fidríková, V. Vretenár, T. Durmeková, I. Šimková, V. Greif & J. Vlčko
Restoration projects and remedial works in the historical island of Ventotene 183
N. Bosco, P. Croce, B. Palma, D. Pingitore & M. Ramondini
19th and 20th century coastal military installations affected by coastal erosion in the UK 191
E.N. Bromhead, M-L. Ibsen & D. Tapete
Interpretation and modelling of the subsidence at the archaeological
site of Sybaris (Southern Italy) 199
F. Cafaro, F. Cotecchia, V. Lenti & R. Pagliarulo
Geotechnical aspects in the preservation of the Domus Tiberiana in Rome 207
G. Calabresi, L. Cavalera, V. Ascoli Marchetti & M.G. Filetici
New underground lines in historic centres: Experiences in Naples 215
E. Campa, A.M. Ajmone Cat, C. Fioretti & L. Mormone
The Benedictine Basilica of S. Angelo in Formis (Southern Italy): A therapy without diagnosis? 225
A. Cammarota, G. Russo, C. Viggiani & M. Candela
The vineyard of the monastery of S. Martino in Napoli 233
M. Candela, C. Viggiani & R. Viparelli
Site characterization by in situ and laboratory tests for the structural & architectural restoration
of Saint Nicholas Church, Nicosia, Cyprus 241
A. Cavallaro, L. Cessari & E. Gigliarelli
Long-term mechanical behavior of wooden pile foundation in Venice 249
F. Ceccato, P. Simonini & A. Lionello
Cultural Heritage and physical environment: A geo-archaeological approach to the analysis
of interaction and risk factors 257
A. Cinti, L. Coppola & E.N. Bromhead
Settlement response of masonry constructions 265
M. Como
Assessment of geological and geotechnical conditions for rebuilding
Avala’s television tower 273
S. Ćorić, D. Rakić, G. Hadži-Niković, T. Janković, V. Filipović & B. Marjanović
Afghanistan, Buddhas of Bamiyan: Emergency consolidation of the cliffs and niches 279
C. Crippa, R. Granata & C. Margottini
Archaeology and geotechnical engineering 289
S. D’Agostino & G. Tocco
Long-term stability of old cathedrals in St. Petersburg 299
R.E. Dashko & A.V. Shidlovskaya
A study for the requalification and safety against natural hazards of the environmental
and building heritage of Sant’Agata de’ Goti (Italy) 307
F. de Silva, M. Melillo, D. Calcaterra, F. Fascia, A. Scotto di Santolo, F. Silvestri & L. Stendardo
Study and monitoring for conservation of Sanctuary of Santa Maria Assunta at Monteortone
(Abano Terme, Padova) 317
A. Dei Svaldi & A. Mazzucato
Slope dynamics, monitoring and geological conservation of the Siq of Petra (Jordan) 325
G. Delmonaco, C. Margottini & D. Spizzichino

Historic and non-historic building impact assessment methodology for major tunnelling
infrastructure projects 335
M. Devriendt, E. Palmer, R. Hill & D. Lazarus
Dynamic identification and seismic behaviour of the Ghirlandina tower in Modena (Italy) 343
A. Di Tommaso, R. Lancellotta, D. Sabia, D. Costanzo, F. Focacci & F. Romaro
Performance evaluation of bending strength to predict durability of ornamental gneiss
from Santo Antônio de Pádua, RJ, BR 353
J.L.E. Dias Filho, P.C.A. Maia, G.C. Xavier & P.A.M. Fernandes
The role of the geotechnical engineer in archaeological work: The Greek experience 359
D. Egglezos, D. Moullou & M. Ioannidou
Re-burial of the Arrephorion on the Athenian Acropolis: An in situ rescue intervention
against degradation 367
D.N. Egglezos
Egyptian experience in the preservation of monuments and historic structures. A case study:
Hibis Temple, El-Kharga—Egypt 377
M.K. El-Ghamrawy, M.A. Sakr & S.A. Gad
Diagnostic of the colonial structure “Palacio del Segundo Cabo” in Havana, Cuba 385
S. Figueredo, Y. Gámez, R. Lorenzo, J. de la Rosa & R.P. da Cunha
Softening and swelling mechanism affecting south slope of Civita di Bagnoregio (VT) 395
F. Garbin, C. Margottini, R. Brancaleoni & A. Sonnessa
Evaluation of the soil disturbance due to the installation of prefabricated vertical drains:
An analytical approach applied to case histories 403
A. Ghandeharioon
Preservation and monitoring of the Frari bell tower in Venice 411
G. Gottardi, M. Marchi, A. Lionello & P.P. Rossi
Collapse of a backfilled wall at the Castle Wespenstein 425
I. Herle, J. Männer, E. Schwiteilo & J. Wehr
Geotechnical problems on historical buildings from Transylvania 431
N.M. Ilieş & A. Popa
Research and advanced technology in the restoration of the monuments
of the Athenian Acropolis 437
M. Ioannidou
Estimation of moisture condition with salinity in the ground behind the Dunhuang
Mogao Grottoes using the electrical resistivity method 447
M. Ito, K. Koizumi, K. Oda, T. Miyawaki, C. Piao, C. Tanimoto, Y. Iwasaki, X. Wang,
Q. Guo & S. Yang
Dismantling for reconstitution of N1 Tower of Prasat Suor Prat, Angkor Thom, Cambodia 455
Y. Iwasaki, Y. Akazawa, M. Fukuda, J. Nakazawa, K. Nakagawa, I. Shimoda & T. Nakagawa
A variegated embankment dam in a historical territory 465
R. Jappelli
Safety and/or security of monuments? An apparent dilemma 473
R. Jappelli
Strong motion record processing for the Athenian Acropolis seismic response assessment 483
I.S. Kalogeras & D. Egglezos
Settlements due to tail gap of shield tunnelling 493
D. Kolymbas
An innovative approach for reducing the seismic risk of existing buildings and historic sites 507
D. Lombardi, A. Flora, S. Lirer & F. Silvestri

Preservation of historic structures and monuments using minimally invasive Screw-Piles
and Helical Anchors—two cases 515
A.J. Lutenegger, D. Robson & P. Mohan
Seismic risk assessment of San Gimignano towers: Geotechnical aspects
and soil-structure interaction 523
C. Madiai, S. Renzi & G. Vannucchi
Analytical modelling of the creep-rotation rate for leaning towers 531
M. Marchi, I. Fabbi, G. Gottardi, R. Butterfield & R. Lancellotta
Geotechnical and geophysical characterization of Moai statues—Rapa Nui Easter Island (Chile) 539
C. Margottini, D. Spizzichino, L. Orlando, M. Marsella, B. Renzi, A. Sonnessa,
O. Pandolfi & P. Soddu
Landslide risk and monitoring system for conservation of Vardzia monastery, Georgia 549
C. Margottini, D. Spizzichino & A. Sonnessa
Strength and structure of the roofed mud-walls of Toji Temple 559
M. Mimura, M. Yoshimura & T. Terao
Spatial-temporal analysis of the subsidence in the city of Bologna 565
G. Modoni, G. Darini, R.L. Spacagna, M. Saroli, G. Russo & P. Croce
Repair works at Saint Claire Convent in Chinchón (Madrid, Spain) 573
P.R. Monteverde & J.M. Avila-Jalvo
Groundwater management during excavations of S. Pasquale station in Naples 579
L. Mormone, G. Falconio & A. Mandolini
Offshore soil investigations on the bottom of Ohrid Lake and authentic reconstruction
of timber piles settlement 589
D. Nikolovski, B. Veljanovski & A. Stojkovska
Groundwater development and management in Siem Reap, Cambodia:
Impacts of groundwater pumping on Angkor Wat 595
M. Nishigaki, S. Takahashi, M. Takahashi & Y. Maruo
Unsaturated sand in the stability of the cuesta of the Temple of Hera (Agrigento) 603
N. Nocilla, L. Ercoli, M. Zimbardo, A. Nocilla, P. Meli, G. Grado, G. Parello & G. Presti
Slope consolidation of Monteagudo de las Vicarías castle (Soria) 613
C.S. Oteo & P. de la Fuente
Load transfer in micropile underpinning of old foundations 621
J.M. Rodríguez Ortiz
Construction of the Line C San Giovanni station in Rome 627
E. Romani & N. Miniero
Permanence and preservation of the Metztitlán convent in Hidalgo, Mexico 633
E. Santoyo-Villa & E. Ovando-Shelley
The Fontanelle Cemetery: Between legend and reality 641
A. Scotto di Santolo, L. Evangelista & A. Evangelista
A class C prediction of the settlements induced in a historical masonry structure
by the excavation of shallow twin tunnels 649
M. Sebastianelli, G. de Felice, M. Malena, A. Amorosi, D. Boldini & G.Di Mucci
Soil structure interaction on the dynamic behavior of two historic masonry structures 657
S. Sica, F. Ceroni & M.R. Pecce
New Lanark Walls: Examples of sustainable design for a World Heritage Site 669
M.J. Smith

Evaluating the effects of tunnel construction on monuments: The example
of the Basilica di Massenzio in Rome 675
F.M. Soccodato, L. Callisto, S. Rampello & G.M.B. Viggiani
The preservation of the historical, archeological and artistic heritage of Orvieto:
An interdisciplinary project 683
F.M. Soccodato, E. Martini, L. Tortoioli & A.M. Mazzi
Landslide risk assessment and management in the archaeological site of Machu Picchu (Peru) 697
D. Spizzichino, C. Margottini & L.M. Puzzilli
The rebuilding of San Piero a Grado bell tower 709
N. Squeglia
Safeguard stories of living monuments (unstable towns of the region of Umbria) 717
P. Tamburi & E. Martini
Geohazards and climate change issues for the preservation of the Saxon Shore in South Britain 725
D. Tapete & E.N. Bromhead
Preservation and reconstruction of historic monuments in Saint Petersburg with provisions
for soil-structure interaction 735
V.M. Ulitsky, A.G. Shashkin, K.G. Shashkin & M.B. Lisyuk
Localized settlements of an ancient hospital foundation: Analysis of the problem
to assess a possible reinforcement intervention 743
R. Valentino, E. Coïsson, F. Freddi & F. Ottoni
Geotechnical investigation and stabilization of the foundations of a World Heritage in Portugal,
the Guimarães Castle 751
A. Viana da Fonseca, A. Arêde, E. Paupério & A. Costa
Safeguarding interventions for two historical sites in the Middle East 761
B. Vingiani & G. Salerno
Use of jet grouting technique to realize substructures of historic buildings:
The example of an apartment building in Warsaw 769
K. Wanik
Geotechnical and structural investigations of historical monuments of Kazakhstan 779
A. Zh. Zhussupbekov, T.O. Zhunisov, A.Z. Issina & T. Awwad
The safety of an industrial archaeological heritage: The underground quarries in Marsala (Sicily) 785
M. Zimbardo, L. Ercoli, C. Cannone & A. Nocilla
Author index 793

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Hassan Farahani
 
 
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